August 31st is International Overdose Awareness Day. It’s a day to remember the loved ones we’ve lost to overdose, but also to educate ourselves on the signs of overdose. We need to continue to bring awareness in order to prevent more deaths from overdose.
To bring awareness this year, I will be sharing information on alcohol overdoses. I have several family members who are recovering alcoholics, so educating myself on alcohol overdose hits home for me. I’ve provided links to the International Overdose Awareness Day Fact Sheets that go into detail about what to do if someone you know is showing signs of an overdose from alcohol or other types of substances. It could save their life.
What is Alcohol?
Alcohol is a legal depressant that slows down the messages traveling between the brain and the body. Alcohol depresses the nerves that control involuntary actions such as breathing and the gag reflex (to prevent choking). A fatal dose of alcohol will eventually cause these functions to shut down. Since alcohol is an irritant to the stomach, excessive vomiting is also common. If the person is unconscious, this could lead to death by asphyxiation.
Signs of an Overdose
- Loss of co-ordination
- Irregular breathing (a gap of more than 10 seconds between breaths)
- Slow breathing (less than eight breaths per minute)
- Pale or blue tinged skin
- Low body temperature (hypothermia)
- Unconsciousness or passing out
How to Respond
- Check for danger
- Call for an ambulance and stay on the line
- Stay with them
- Keep them warm
- If they are unconscious, put them in the recovery position and check that they are breathing (don’t leave them on their back)
- If they are awake, try to keep them in a sitting position and awake
- Give CPR if they stop breathing before ambulance arrives
Click on any of these fact sheets to learn more about what the substances are, the signs of an overdose, and how to respond when someone is showing these signs.
History of International Overdose Awareness Day:
“International Overdose Awareness Day was initiated in 2001 by Sally J Finn at The Salvation Army in St Kilda, Melbourne.
Since 2001, many community members as well as government and non-government organisations have held events to raise awareness and commemorate those who have been lost to drug overdose.